The high cost of not reporting product safety issues

product recall insurance

Company penalized $4.64M for allegations of failure to report

Apparently not everyone is familiar with the adage that ignoring a problem won’t make it go away. And when you’re talking about product safety, ignoring a problem not only won’t make it go away, it can cost you big time.

Viking Range incurred a $4.64 million civil penalty in a settlement with the Consumer Product Safety Commission for failing to report a product safety issue. Viking allegedly received nearly 200 reports about a defect in its gas ranges causing them to spontaneously turn on. Two of the incidents resulted in injuries.

Unfortunately, Viking only notified the CPSC in 2014, which led to a recall in 2015.

Your responsibilities when a defect is suspected

Manufacturers, distributors, importers, and retailers are required by law to report within 24 hours any information indicating a product with a defect that could result in a substantial hazard. The CPSC allows companies 10 days to investigate whether such a report should be made. This includes products that did not cause injuries. It’s not unusual for products that haven’t triggered injuries to be recalled.

By following three important guidelines, products manufacturers, distributors, importers, and retailers can prevent such penalties by the CPSC.

  1. Err on the Side of Caution

Your company’s initial communication to the CPSC should state that you’re reporting due to caution, not admitting to a product hazard. The CPSC and your company will investigate the issue. If the decision is that corrective action isn’t necessary, it closes the case.

However, if a recall is required, a voluntary recall is typically announced in a joint press release by the CPSC and the reporting company. The press release should include information about how consumers can be refunded or obtain either a repair or replacement product.

  1. Provide Accurate Data

It’s critical that your reports always reflect accurate information that provides:

  • the population size of the product with potential safety issues
  • the number of incidents, including injuries
  • test reports

A company that commits “knowing violations” can be fined millions of dollars, to say nothing of the potential for a public relations disaster. A knowing violation is when the company either has actual knowledge or presumed knowledge of an issue. Including any of the following in reports can lead to trouble:

  • Stating falsely that a product complies with required safety standards
  • Stating falsely that a product has passed safety tests
  • Concealing any safety fixes made prior to a report


  1. Have a Risk Management Plan

Any company producing or distributing consumer products should have a compliance officer or team and written manual in place. It’s critical that any potential product hazards are quickly and accurately identified, and that the necessary reports are made in a timely manner. It’s the responsibility of the compliance team to maintain accurate product records. These teams should also be able to communicate directly with senior management and legal counsel as CPSC-related reporting decisions typically need to be made quickly.

The bottom line

Another good adage that can be applied to consumer products is “the best defense is a good offense.” By following these guidelines you’ll likely circumvent issues with the CPSC and lower your risk of a product liability lawsuit.

Source: Robert Hopkins and Bryan Gales. “3 Guidelines for Avoiding CPSC Penalties.” 01 May 2017
Posted By: